One of the major ethical issues associated with diamond mining is the exploitation of workers. Miners, especially those in developing nations, are often paid low wages and work in hazardous environments. A report by IMPACT reveals that mining companies have seized farmers' cropland with little or no remuneration.
Many advocates claim that diamond mining provides a much-needed economic boost to these areas. However, the negative repercussions of sourcing them raise doubts about whether diamond mining truly benefits these communities.
The Environmental Impact of Diamond Mines
The impact of large-scale mining operations on the environment is significant. The felling of numerous trees leads to various issues linked to global warming like soil erosion, loss of biodiversity, and desertification. Additionally, the leftover mining materials react with oxygen in the air, resulting in acid mine drainage. This chemical reaction creates sulfuric acid, which pollutes water sources and damages the soil, causing a decline in crop yields.
Repercussions of Buying Conflict Diamonds
Diamonds that are sourced from conflict zones or used to fund armed conflict are known as blood diamonds. The trade of blood diamonds only serves to prolong human misery and violent conflicts in such regions.
The global society has long been denouncing the trade of blood diamonds. Consequently, the Kimberley Process Certification System was established in the early 2000s to curb the exchange of conflict diamonds.